The Portuguese Living Lab extends over two case study areas.
The first is a forested landscape in Vale do Sousa that extends over 14316 ha. Eucalypt and maritime pine are the current main forest species and yet the landscape mosaic also includes agriculture units, urban areas as well as shrubland and abandoned agriculture areas.
The second is located in the Municipality of Lousã. It is classified as a Site of Community Importance, Serra da Lousã, of the Natura 2000 network. Mostly forestland (58.6% – 10 385 ha) dominated by maritime pine stands.
FIRE MANAGEMENT IN PORTUGAL
IN VALE DE SOUSA
About 46% of the Forest Intervention Area (ZIF) of the Vale do Sousa has burned in the last 9 years. This figure showcases that the identified area is characterized by a landscape vulnerable to wildfires and specific attention is needed to develop strategic interventions. To this end, more than 360 landowners (e.g., NIPF, Forest industry, Land Investment Funds, Municipalities) are associated within Associação Florestal de Vale do Sousa to develop a joint landscape-level management plan and reduce wildfire risk while providing other products and services.
The Municipality of Lousã includes an Integrated Landscape Management Area (AIGP) of 8100 ha that is located in the Natura 2000 site. In recent years, prescribed burnings have been conducted to maintain the primary fuel break network, wildfire prevention, and training with the support of the Portuguese National Fire Service School.
- How to facilitate forest management collaborative planning integrating wildfire management?
- How to estimate the impact of management options on landscape resilience?
- How to design and plan landscapes that are more resilient to wildfires?
- How to improve risk communication effectiveness to reduce accidental fire ignitions caused by debris burning and leisure activities in the WUI?
- How to improve the understanding of the link between the exposure to smoke and air pollutants from fires and health and well-being in local communities and first responders?
Emergency management – 3 Innovation Actions
- IA 1.1. Piloting an adapted Forest Fire Potential Polygons methodology to improve decision making on EWE
- IA 1.2. Testing key inputs for atmospheric data analysis using new knowledge and expertise on EWE
- IA 1.4. Integrated fire management model: bases, demonstration and piloting activities
Landscape and economy- 7 Innovation Actions
- IA 2.2 Scheduling and implementing novel management practices
- IA 2.3 Defining recommendations for improving security on WUI at multiple scales
- IA 2.4 Optimizing landscape configuration and fire management policies to minimize expected losses from EWE
- IA 2.5 Designing strategic networks of managed areas to improve suppression efforts against EWE
- IA 2.6 Designing post-fire restoration strategies
- IA 2.7 Landscape design strategies, using tactical planning methods
- IA 2.8 Trade-off ES assessment of fire-resilient landscape design
Governance, society, communication and risk awareness- 3 Innovation Actions
- IA4.1 Fire forums
- IA4.2 Testing a new methodology for risk communication to improve WUI homeowners’ culture of risk
- IA4.3 Fire Education Platform – An immersive tool for policy-makers, schools and families
Advanced Technology Solutions - Support Tools for Integrated Fire Management- 3 Innovation Actions
- IA 5.1 Demonstration of an integrative umbrella system for estimating EWE risk and impact in real time with HR weather data
- IA 5.2 Demonstration of real-time EWE simulation and smoke spread based on coupled fire-atmosphere approaches using of HR weather data
- IA 5.7 Quantifying impacts of exposure to air pollutants from . wildfires